Canada is one among the safest, most comfortable countries on earth. Citizens of Canada enjoy generally contented lives free from substantial hardship. A
Health and Safety in Canada
Canadians are generally healthy people and therefore the country doesn’t have any widespread problems with dangerous or infectious diseases. the typical Canadian anticipation is 80 years for men and 84 years for ladies. The leading explanation for death for both sexes is cancer, followed by memory disease, which together represents about half the all-natural deaths in Canada. Most of the opposite half die from a spread of other relatively common diseases and afflictions that tend to strike humans late in life, including diseases of the systema respiratorium, strokes, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and pneumonia (sometimes euphemistically called dying of “old age”).
Accidents of varied forms, including car accidents or on-the-job fatalities, are generally liable for around five per cent of all Canadian deaths, with suicides representing around one per cent, though both are vastly more common causes of death for Canadians under 40.
Less than half one per cent of Canadians suffer from HIV/AIDS, mostly homosexual men, and people who frequently use injection drugs – particularly men in prison. Aboriginal Canadians even have a way higher rate of infection compared to Canadians of other races. Canada has a very high rate of MS (MS) on earth, the nerve disease affects about 290 out of each 100,000 people.
Housing in Canada
Canada’s homeownership rate is around 66 per cent. Among non-homeowners, the bulk of Canadians rent a leased house, apartment, or suite from a landlord or property corporation.
Canadians generally accept their parents until their 20s then rent until their 30s, once they mortgage a house or apartment, usually with their spouse. Many Canadians are increasingly choosing to rent for for much longer periods of life than past generations, however. Unaffordable homes are a growing concern in many of Canada’s big cities, where land prices are a number of the very best within the world. Large mortgages contribute heavily to the high rates of indebtedness of Canadians (see below).
The Government of Canada estimates that between 150,000 to 300,000 Canadians “experience homelessness” during a given year, meaning they temporarily lack a permanent place to measure . A network of homeless shelters, operated by government and charities, provide temporary places to remain for the bulk of homeless Canadians. Most of Canada’s homeless population consists of middle-aged men, with aboriginal Canadians dramatically overrepresented.
Personal Finances of Canadians
Canadians enjoy a really high standard of living thanks to the strength of the Canadian economy. The median annual family income in Canada was estimated at $78,870 in 2014.
Personal debt is one significant problem in Canada, and by some estimates, Canadians are the foremost personally-indebted people within the western world. The typical Canadian’s debt-to-income ratio is at around 170 per cent. That said, the bulk of individually-held Canadian debt takes the shape of home mortgages. this is often very true for Canadians who sleep in the country’s large cities, where land is extremely expensive. High housing prices make sure that even heavily-indebted Canadians generally have a stable debt-to-asset balance, however.
Poverty and Economic Inequality in Canada
The Government of Canada doesn’t have a politician designation of poverty, which suggests it are often difficult to firmly state the amount of “poor” Canadians. Statistics Canada classifies a Canadian family as “low income” if they earn but half the median Canadian family income (see above), while the low-income cut-off (LICO) may be a more precise figure wont to determine if a person’s income won’t be enough to survive on when considered within the context of that person’s family size, area of the country they live, and so on. Combining these two measurements, about 13 per cent of Canadians were classified as being “low income” in 2014.
Canada has generally high levels of economic inequality, with the gap between Canada’s rich and poor steadily increasing since the 1990s.
The standard measure of economic inequality is that the so-called Gini Coefficient, which ranks societies from a minimum of zero to a maximum of 100. consistent with the planet Bank, Canada’s inequality score sits around 33, which is worse than most of western Europe but better than the US and Great Britain. consistent with Statistics Canada, the richest fifth of the Canadian population holds on the brink of 50 per cent of the wealth of all Canadian families, with the wealthiest one per cent holding on the brink of 10 per cent of all wealth. That said, Canada is additionally a rustic with high rates of economic mobility and therefore the overwhelming majority of poor Canadians will experience a rise in personal wealth during their lifetimes.
Crime and Punishment in Canada
Canada’s rate has been in steady decline after reaching a peak within the 1990s, though it’s still above within the 1960s when the fashionable rate first began to rise. Over four-fifths of crimes committed in Canada are non-violent, with the foremost common being small thefts, home robberies, traffic crimes, public “mischief,” and crimes involving the distribution or possession of banned drugs. the foremost common violent offences are assaults, beatings, and violent robberies. Canada’s murder rate is usually around 600 per annum.
The total number of Canadians in prison is around 40,000, or but one-half of 1% of the Canadian population. 99% of Canadian prisoners are male, and therefore the small population of female prisoners are availing special women’s prisons. Canada’s prisons are generally highly-rated by human rights groups, though the controversial practice of solitary remains practised. Rates of HIV and hepatitis C infection among Canadian prisoners are well above national averages. Aboriginal and black Canadians are disproportionately overrepresented in Canada’s prison population, as are people with mental illnesses.
Pollution in Canada
Canada sits within the top-tier of countries as far as most environmental quality metrics are concerned. the planet Health Organization (WHO) gives Canada one among the world’s highest rankings for air quality, while a 2016 study from the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy gave Canada a comprehensive 85/100 environmental quality score supported a number of variables, including air and water quality, putting the country in 25th place overall (out of 180 countries studied).
Canada contributes around two per cent of the world’s total greenhouse emission emissions (GHG), variety that, while small, is way out of proportion with Canada’s tiny share of the worldwide population. This puts Canada together of the world’s worst GHC emitters on a per capita basis. Reducing emissions caused by the extraction of Canadian oil within the Canadian prairies, particularly bitumen (or “tar sands“), also as decreasing use of petroleum-powered automobiles is that the focus of most Canadian environmental activism and public policy, which is increasingly focused on Canada’s role as a contributor to man-made global climate change .
As Canada may be a large and mostly uninhabited country, the danger of considerable human-caused environmental degradation is usually low, with worries centring mostly round the creation of latest resource-extracting projects, like mines, power plants, dams, or oil and gas wells or pipelines in previously untouched parts of the country. Many of Canada’s worst environmental disasters have come from the accidental destruction of a resource-extraction site or transportation .
Women’s Rights in Canada
Canadians of both genders are declared legally equal under the Canadian constitution and are shielded from gender discrimination by government and personal sector businesses by various provincial and federal human rights laws. Federal laws concerning marriage, divorce, and military service are all officially gender-neutral.
By a margin of but 10 per cent, Canadian women are slightly less likely than men to figure , though the differences become larger when the comparison involves full-time work, or the entire number of hours worked per week. Canadian women still be dramatically overrepresented in certain historically and stereotypically female professions, like teaching, nursing, and waitressing, and dramatically underrepresented in stereotypically male jobs, including construction, trades, and jobs involving natural resources. As many stereotypically female jobs pay but male ones, complaints a few female “pay gap” remain common. Under the terms of Canada’s federal employment insurance program, a lady is entitled to require up to 12 months off work to worry for her child during and after her pregnancy (so-called “maternity leave“), and it’s against the law for employers to discriminate against or punish a female employee on the idea of being pregnant.
When asked by pollsters, an outsized majority of Canadian women will usually say the 2 genders aren’t yet fully equal in Canada, and blame entrenched sexist attitudes for holding back women in various fields of life, particularly important leadership positions in business and politics, where they’ll not be considered as trustworthy, competent, or intelligent as men. Canadian men still be disproportionally likely to function CEOs, presidents, or vice presidents of huge businesses or organizations. per annum , many Canadian women file lawsuits alleging gender-based discrimination by employers, government, or private businesses.
Children’s Rights in Canada
Canada’s infant deathrate rate – the speed that babies die before their first birthday – is approximately five per 1,000 and has held steady at this rate for quite while. Though low within the global context, this rate is sort of high by developed world standards, and different explanations are offered. While many poor communities, particularly ones within the North tend to possess high sudden infant death syndrome rates thanks to a scarcity of access to adequate medical aid , it’s also been suggested that Canadian hospitals could also be “too good” at preventing stillbirths, leading to a high birthrate of babies who are unable to survive long-term.
Child labour is technically legal in Canada but is subject to complex regulations set by the provincial governments. Though precise laws vary, generally speaking, children cannot work during school hours and really young children require both parental and government permission to figure . Certain sorts of jobs may have a legally-enforced minimum working age also . Canadians between 14 and 17 structure the bulk of Canada’s non-adult workers and work mostly in retail, fast food, or family farming jobs.
Section 43 of the Canadian Criminal Code gives parents, teachers, and other adult authority figures the proper to use “reasonable” physical force to correct a child’s behaviour. A 2004 ruling by the Supreme Court of Canada upheld the law as constitutional but narrowed the definition of “reasonable” to mean non-disabled children over two years old, who can’t be hit with objects or on the top.