Citizenship is that the relationship between a private and a nation-state whereby the state grants the citizen certain rights, like the proper to vote, work and own property, and reciprocally the citizen accepts the responsibility of upholding the laws and customs of that state. Citizenship unites different people under a standard identity.

Traditional means of acquiring citizenship and therefore the corresponding passports are birth, naturalization and marriage. Naturalization is that the process by which a resident of a rustic can acquire citizenship usually by residing therein country for a particular number of years. Since 1984 investment within the host country has been differently of acquiring citizenship.


Citizenship by investment is that the process of obtaining a second citizenship and passport by investing within the economy of the host country. Citizenship by investment programs legally confer citizenship status faster than traditional immigration processes and do so without requiring investors to place their lives on hold.


There are many reasons to take a position during second citizenship, from personal safety to increased global mobility. Applications are often approved in as little as three months, leading to citizenship for all times, a legitimate passport, visa-free travel and more. Economic citizenship exposes a world of possibilities to high net worth investors.


A second passport from a stable, peaceful country is often life-saving within the event of any quite political unrest in one’s home country. this sort of insurance is priceless for investors and their families.

Global Mobility

Many passports are quite restrictive in their visa-free mobility, forcing citizens to get visas whenever they have to travel abroad. A second passport offers individuals from these countries increased global mobility. for instance, the passport of Pakistan allows visa-free entry into only 40 countries, whereas the passport of Cyprus allows visa-free entry to 164 countries. The difference in global mobility equals a fantastic amount of your time saved filing visa applications and is priceless to businesspeople the planet over.


New business opportunities open up to participants in citizenship by investment programs as they will now do business within the host country also as travel abroad more freely.

Tax Management

Dual citizenship may prove advantageous for tax optimization purposes. for instance, some countries only taxation earned from that country and don’t subject capital gains to taxes either. this enables investors to manage their wealth more efficiently and effectively.


Most citizenship by investment programs is available to the relations of the most applicant. this suggests that investors can secure a far better future for his or her spouse and youngsters. Second citizenships offer access to world-class health care, education and an improved lifestyle.


Education is the foundation of a successful life as a worldwide citizen. Investing during second citizenship can open up access to the simplest schools within the world for applicants and their children by qualifying them for domestic instead of international tuition fees.

What do countries gain from citizenship by Investment Programs?

Many countries offer citizenship by investment programs so as to draw in much-needed foreign direct investment. Countries can then use these funds to take a position in their own projects, like land development, business development and job creation. CBI programs also attract global talent and know-how aimed toward boosting the economy.

For example, St. Kitts & Nevis applicants can invest within the Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation, which aims to help the govt and country in transitioning to a more diversified economy. the inspiration supports the Govt, but also undertakes new projects itself. To date, the inspiration has invested quite US$55 million within the development of St. Kitts & Nevis.

Which countries offer Citizenship by Investment Programs?

Many countries offer citizenship by investment programs. the amount of those programs is consistently increasing as more and more countries realize the economic advantages of opening their doors to immigrant investors.

What are the wants for obtaining a Second Passport?

Each country features a different set of requirements that applicants must fulfil for its citizenship by investment program. for instance, some programs require medical examinations and proof of excellent health, while others don’t. However, some requirements are common to all or any such programs:

  • Have a clean record.
  • Show the legal source of the investment.
  • Invest in one among the government-approved options, like land , government bonds or a national economic fund.

All requirements must be met so as for citizenship applications to be approved by the host government. See the precise requirements on the individual program pages.

History of citizenship and passports

Passports are a useful document dating back to Biblical times when individuals might be granted “safe conduct” letters requesting that the governors of foreign lands grant them safe passage. the primary mention of a passport is within the Bible’s book of Nehemiah from approximately 450 BC.

Fast forward to the Roman Empire, which recognized different levels of citizenship, like municipal or empire-wide, and was the primary to issue certificates of citizenship. Later within the early Medieval period citizenship became slightly smaller, though it remained imperative for merchants to secure safe conduct. within the 13th century, Marco Polo’s father became the primary European to receive safe-conduct from Kublai Khan, granting him safe passage and access to the whole Mongol Empire.

Mentions of safe conduct appeared in England as early as 1414 under King Henry V, who had the authority to grant safe conduct to anyone, even foreigners. By 1540 in England the granting of travelling papers became normalized under the council. The term passport was already in use at this point. However, they weren’t necessarily used as identity documents until 1858 and weren’t necessarily required for international travel until war I.

Travelling and identity were finally officially merged within the early 20th century. British Nationality and standing Aliens Act of 1914 produced the primary modern British passport. By 1920 the League of countries had adopted a typical passport format.

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